A basin zone is a land near a river or a burnt area. In these zones, we will plant broadwood trees to help with climate change and biodiversity, and we will create solid wood corridors that are not cut down for wood.
These important areas are the basis for various resilience projects in our forest. Some of their benefits include:
Shadow The broad-leaved trees provide the right shade for the water. This not only protects the fish but also helps prevent overheating. Global warming in Scotland is expected to have a negative impact on freshwater fish, such as salmon, that grow in our rivers.
Nutritious Foods- During the autumn, when the broodwood trees shed their leaves, some reach into the water. These leaves eventually decompose, adding essential nutrients to the aquifer, which helps to support rich underwater communities. Our rivers and fires are typically malnourished, so this is the key to a healthy water system.
Bank stability; Tree roots help to provide structure along riverbanks, which helps prevent soil erosion.
Wildlife corridor; Basin zones provide not only a better breeding ground for freshwater fish but also semi-natural areas where other wildlife such as otter and osprey grow. Following the length of the river or the burning of these rivers, these paved lines provide safe routes for animals to travel.
Carbon Although these long-lived woodlands may be slow to absorb carbon, both trees and more stable soils will eventually become effective carbon deposits.
Biodiversity Basin zones provide networks for different species through a natural travel corridor. They also provide rich habitats for plants, fungi, moths and lizards.
Flooding; Although conferences are a real source of energy for flood management, the vast forests around the rivers also play a role. Trees absorb water from their leaves, roots, and bark, creating holes in the ground that reduce water flow.
Basin Zones and Climate Change
Basin zones can be helped in a variety of ways. The additional trees will reduce flooding in the lower basin and help to improve water quality by slowing the flow and filtering water through plants such as turf grass.
More trees means we will have more carbon to help reduce global warming. Natural wildlife corridors and additional elements in the water help to cope with biodiversity by providing habitat for a wide variety of species. Basin zones are generally helping to create larger, more resilient networks that cover terrain.
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How to rehabilitate basin zones
Basin Rehabilitation involves the planting and burning of many native broad-leaved trees along the rivers, such as oak, alder, birch, aspen, hazel, and bird cherry.
We have been doing this in Scotland for decades, and over the past five years, a vast watershed project has begun in our eastern forests. The project in eastern Scotland involves the planting and preservation of thousands of native trees, which will serve as a source of future natural renewal. The goal is to create a semi-natural wood floor that moves the entire length of the water.
Sometimes rehabilitation involves the removal of fig trees that are not very close to the water. Coniferous trees often provide excessive shade, which reduces the activity of wildlife underground. On the other hand, carefully placed (or available) native settlers provide the right amount of shade to prevent the water temperature from rising as they supply essential nutrients to the water.
Other watershed projects
D. Black water
This partner project is the first of its kind in Scotland. The goal is to rehabilitate the entire habitat of salmon and other freshwater fish in a large catchment area along the Black Sea.
This includes removing fig trees from riverbanks and adding gravel to build breeding grounds.
Learn more about the Black Water of Dee project
Water Vols in Trosca
We helped transfer water Volvo to Queen Elizabeth Forest Park in Trojas. These little eco-engineers can have a positive impact on biodiversity and grazing in the basin zones.
A.D. With the release of 1000 water volts in 2008, the population has grown and now covers about 100km².
Learn more about the Water Volume Project