Biodiversity Science – Policy Panel calls for the development of natural value concepts in sustainable development


Fungi in Mount Ailo Nature, Yunnan Province, China. Photo die ICRAF / Austin G. Smith

Government Science – Policy Forum on Biodiversity and Ecology Services (IPBES) Summary for policy makers of the Report on the evaluation of various values ​​and assumptions about nature A.D. July 9, 2022 Ninth Plenary Session in Bonn, Germany.

“It’s important to understand the different ways people express nature and the different ways they measure these values,” said Anna Maria Hernandez Salgar, chairwoman of IPBS. “Differences in natural values ​​are often overlooked in policy decisions. Effective policy decisions regarding nature must be communicated through a variety of values ​​and evaluation methods, making IPBS values ​​evaluation an important scientific resource for policy and nature and human well-being.”

Of Review report It comes at a crucial time for life on earth, and it is rapidly losing its resources. Of Report Ecological Ecology seeks to determine the value of human well-being in a variety of values ​​- including financial -.

Maine van Nordwick, a CIFOR-ICRAF specialist scientist and one of the 20 experts around the world, is “highly invaluable”. Review. “For some decision-makers and decision-makers, it is appropriate to use at least partial financial representation to represent the natural value of people, but there is always the risk of misinterpreting such statements.”

Of Review It is a four-year journey with many comments, peer review and policy discussions. Detailed discussion by government representatives Summary Report Increases the importance of chat messages at the international and national levels.

He said that the word ‘value’ has many meanings, from number to price to non-negotiable principles. Forest or agro-forest land for interacting with trees means interacting with many perspectives. The more people participate, the more important and important set of values ​​to consider.

This is of great importance to a limited number of drivers in one or two locations, but to the global and unrecognized species due to rapid and rapid extinction.

Consumers, for example, do not currently pay ‘real prices’ for natural products (that is, all products). Consumer and manufacturer decisions based on narrow market value are the underlying drivers of the global biodiversity crisis. Bringing these values ​​to the forefront will increase people’s chances of better understanding the costs of over-exploitation and ensure that their values ​​- including rare and non-monetary – are respected and protected.

Significantly, the way in which ‘nature conservation’ is currently being developed is to repeatedly ignore the values ​​of people living in any ‘conservation area’, which could adversely affect the intended purpose of the conservation area. These people must be recognized and included in the decision-making process with respect.

According to Van Nordwick, less than 25 percent of the world’s governments are moving to consolidate more than natural resources, according to the United Nations Biological Diversity Agreement. In markets. However, he noted that current review studies have rarely reported on decisions related to government policies and programs.

Six chapters Review report Nature, biodiversity, or well-functioning ecosystems can be equally useful to humans through the tools and services they provide to people – and the identification of ‘instrumental’ values ​​that measure ‘related’ values. Safety in non-material ways.

The types of values ​​that are most effectively transmitted are based on the audience and the context, which means that the relationship is as important as the decision-making process in terms of conservation between government and other biological diversity.

“Scientists and other interested parties should help decision makers develop effective policies and actions,” he said. “People who depend on the environment, especially those deemed appropriate for protection, should be fully involved in decision-making and intangible values ​​- such as climate control, healthy ecosystems and water cycles – should be fully realized.

Van Nordwick emphasized that it was internationally recognized from the perspective of ‘forests, trees and agricultural forests’. Review report 1) Explain how ecological structures and practices can provide instrumental value to people. Bilateral Strategies 1) Locally, nationally and internationally, and if the current deforestation trend continues, ‘rehabilitate’ endangered economic values, and damaged landscapes. Partial return; And 2) Appreciate and recognize the various relationships that are important to them with stakeholders.

“The latter, at the very least, help people communicate more effectively, not only in the language they understand but also in the language they speak.”

Around the world, there are many examples of conflicts that can be minimized or completely eliminated.

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