Four key points from this year’s climate talks

1. Five years before the Paris Agreement, we wanted more than any other country. We have seen that. Nationally updated contributions are stronger than in previous iterations. We had a new agreement on methane. The United States and China have agreed to work together. Glasgow Forest Description It has brought together 137 countries to end deforestation by 2030. Finally, the negotiators agreed on Article 6, which governs international markets, and cooperated to reduce emissions. Country plans are still not enough to keep temperatures to a safe level. But in every round of speeches, the idea is to “massage” the highest desires – and we’ve seen it happen this year.

2. Indigenous peoples and local communities — especially women and youth leaders — were more part of the COP than ever before. And they must be: Indigenous peoples and cultural communities control about half of the earth (although they have legal rights to only 10%), one-fifth of the forest carbon and 80% biodiversity. Without them, we would not have achieved the goals of Paris. The president of the Solanj Bandadiaki-Badji Rights and Resources Group said this year that indigenous and community representatives have come up with evidence and calls for action. Article 6 wanted to be involved in designing and implementing carbon marketing strategies. And they want climate finance fair share and funds to reach communities directly.

We have seen exactly the financial strategies and platforms launched by COP26, including the Mesoamerican State Fund and the People’s Forests Partnership. But there is still a long way to go before we can respond to the calls we have heard from some of the most successful educators on the planet this year.

3. But the real energy was out of the negotiation room. Business and finance are making a real commitment – net zero has become a “law” in a few years Land ” According to Meh, a partner of Generation Investment Management. He also said that it is important to announce the Glasgow Financial Alliance to Net Zero. But while some initiatives – such as science-based initiatives – are clearly aligned with Paris’s goals and are willing to be verified by outsiders, others are difficult to assess or follow up on. That is a serious matter. Opposition groups in Glasgow have repeatedly stated that they are trustworthy and that they do not trust the COP process. They have a point; Similar promises have been made – and broken – in Glasgow in the past. We need not only more ambition but also more accountability and transparency.

4. The weakest results in Glasgow, according to our panel? Developing countries still need more help to cope with the effects of climate change. Wealthy nations have not kept their $ 100 billion pledge to developing countries. A financial institution designed for climate change losses has not been implemented this year either. This is a big gap that will close in 2022. The history of emissions from developed countries has been a problem for climate change, but today’s developing countries are particularly vulnerable.

And while the cover article recognizes the role of nature for the first time, a clear reference to “nature-based solutions” is omitted, although panelist Manuel Pulgar-Vidal, WWF climate director and COP20 president, noted that this may be more. The issue of interpretation (raised by Bolivian negotiators) rather than a real misunderstanding of the importance of nature. And of course, we’re still not on the 1.5-degree road. But after years of uncertainty and lack of time, we are moving in the right direction.

COP27 will meet in Egypt next year. However, international negotiations are far from the only place where progress can be made. As Pulgar-Vidal points out, the real power lies in the presence of non-governmental actors. And as we saw in Glasgow, when the pressure is on, governments and companies will increase. We hope that anyone who reads this will be determined to continue this pressure right now.

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View points from expert analysis and comments from the forest trade team.
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