Overcoming five global challenges that will shape our future

Participants in CIFOR-ICRAF Science Week 2022 in Nairobi, Kenya. Photo by: CIFOR-ICRAF

As the international community looks to the aftermath of the CVD-19 epidemic, it looks at the crucial global action for the next decade, and the CIFOR-ICRAF is focusing on five key elements. Challenges to Mankind.

These challenges fall- deforestation and biodiversity; Damage to food systems (including depleted land and water sources); Climate change; Inconsistency; And unsustainable supply and value chains.

These five challenges were highlighted during Science Week (Science WeekCIFOR-ICRAF 2022 is an annual international conference held from 6-10 June 2022. Mixed (Imaginary and Offline) With more than 500 scientists from around the world.

Paying attention to the five global challenges is vital today.

Food prices continue to rise; Conflicts that undermine value chains; Business leaders charged with crimes Green wash Or false green images; And severe weather events affecting people, homes and livelihoods.

These issues are interrelated and require a systematic response.

The opening session of the conference, held at the ICRF Center in Nairobi, Kenya, was attended by scientists from the Cigar Center in Bogor, Indonesia, and five other experts from around the world.

First-born Jennifer Clap-St, chair of the World Food Security and Sustainability Research (Global Food Security and Sustainability) And Professor of Environment, Inputs and Sustainability at the University of Waterloo, Canada, speaking on global food change.

“After all, we are in a world food crisis, a war that is disrupting food, fertilizer and energy supplies in Ukraine. More than 800 million people are chronically malnourished and the number has increased in recent years, with nearly 2.4 billion people suffering from moderate or severe malnutrition, and nearly 2 billion adults being overweight.

Clap also addressed a number of other issues, such as widespread micronutrient deficiencies; Unprocessed food environmental quality; Living problems in the current diet; Unequal distribution capabilities among supply chain actors; And systems that affect the earth, environmental degradation and vulnerability to climate change.

It also added some important policies to improve this situation, such as centralizing food human rights; Delivering food delivery policies; And we expand our understanding of food security to include issues such as institutions and sustainability. “Immediate change in the diet is needed,” Clap said.

Bernard Lehman, who answered the question, is currently chairing the World Food Program. (World Food Security Committee, High Level Panel of Experts) – Jennifer serves as vice chair) He highlighted the importance of civil society participation in centralizing agency and sustainability to address food security.

The “agent” here refers to one’s ability to know how food is produced, prepared, shipped, and taken, to understand which foods are democratic or not.

Professor Chek Mbow, Director-General of the Center de Suvi Ecology – West Africa’s leading ecological monitoring center for geoinformatics for sustainable sustainability – emphasizes the same point by sharing Africa’s perspective on food security in the face of climate change.

He stressed the need to overcome food insecurity “to recover from a crisis”.

“We need to take immediate action,” he said.

Mbou discusses the benefits of crop diversity in Africa, the widespread involvement of traditional crops and species, and the benefits of expanding agro-forestry systems to increase productivity and resilience, as well as its benefits rather than relying on agricultural inputs such as pesticides and fertilizers.

Biodiversity conservation will be key to the future of global food security, according to Andy Purvis, professor at the Museum of Natural History in London. Irvis spoke honestly about his observations.

“We’re losing biodiversity,” says Purvis, “according to international reviews [Platform Kebijakan-Ilmu Antarpemerintah tentang Layanan Keanekaragaman hayati dan Ekosistem]It is estimated that one million species of animals and plants are now extinct. Over the last 500 years, 700 spines and 500 plants have been lost, but the numbers cannot be compared to what is happening unless something changes. But this is not just a case of extinct species.

Realizing this, the world must begin to focus on the environment. Intersection To prevent the extinction of species, that is, areas with high seed production, which means the habitat of many species that cannot be found elsewhere.

“In terms of human well-being, we depend on the ecosystems that work, and biodiversity is essential for ecosystems to function, so the percentage index is still relevant and important,” he said.

Irvis also stressed the need for a wide range of biodiversity targets for species, ecology, genetics and ecological services.

“No single goal can protect all biodiversity; we need sustainable and consistent goals,” Irvis added.

Actions that address a variety of biodiversity goals and at the same time focus on species conservation: Rich areas have high levels of anemia and carbon deposits, most of which are forests.

It is very important and wise for us to start doing it now, because if we delay, it will cost more. For example, based on a recent study published by his partner Adriana de Palma, he concluded: “Delaying deforestation by 70 years will increase forest resilience demand by 70% and will cost twice as much to achieve biodiversity goals. In 2050.

“We can’t have another fall for another decade,” he added.

Ecologist Ranil Senanayake, of the Earth Restoration Foundation, went on to describe his work in creating green value chains, helping finance and promoting renovations.

The power of life, Bio currency The foundation’s new measure measures forest reforestation positive conditions, such as tree planting, which offers many benefits at no cost, such as solar energy, groundwater purification, operational cooling, oxygen production, and carbon offsets.

“Basically, we are working with farmers to encourage them to take care of the trees during this difficult period,” Senanayake said.

Senaike expressed hope to expand the project to measure conservation and rehabilitation of soil and living biomass in general.

During the session, speakers discussed ways in which environmental, economic and social crises affect every member of the global community.

Susan Caria, an African woman in agricultural research and development, in her last statement pointed to gender inequality in her profession. Caria also noted that gender inequality extends from the grassroots level in access to food and productive inputs, services and services to the highest level of organization, including CIFOR-ICRAF. It provides a number of interventions, such as ensuring that women’s voices and participation are central to policy-making at the community level. Promoting policies that promote equal rights and access as well as gender responses; Make sure that national institutions that support this change have a proper system.

One of the highlights of this discussion is the real conflict in international and local affairs. It is clear that domestic action is needed to create global impact, but some developed countries give most of their influence to developing countries by importing food and wood, so international consensus is necessary to achieve equitable policies and financial measures to solve global problems.

Work on all scales is needed, taking into account unique and contextual solutions that can contribute to solving global problems while meeting the needs of local communities.

CIFOR-ICRAF Managing Director Robert Nassie said in his closing remarks, “Now is the time to shift our focus to what to do – what we understand – how to do it,” which is why the CIFOR-ICRAF strategy. It is consistent with the development of practical solutions.

This tough opening session paved the way for a week-long in-depth debate on how CIFOR-ICRAF’s recent research will address global challenges.

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