Soil reclamation has the potential to be a panacea for landfills and the elimination of toxic fumes from these environmental hazards, reducing biodiversity and achieving global climate change goals.
However, the restoration of Petland has caused controversy among people over economic, social and environmental costs. Stakeholder With different interests, including private companies, consultants, communities and local governments.
While land rehabilitation has been successful with the participation of communities, the challenge of accelerating the process of rehabilitating degraded soils continues to emerge in Indonesia.
Soil erosion and conversion to agricultural land can cause serious environmental, social and economic damage, especially after a fire.
“Interestingly, if we look at the reasons for the success of soil rehabilitation, 87% of the reasons behind the success are local community awareness, community participation and technology. Other factors are very low,” said Robert Nassie, of the International Center for Forestry and the World Agro-Forestry Center (CIFOR). -ICRAF) Managing Director, “So community participation is very important, public awareness is important and then, of course, implementation.
Indonesia’s commitment to land reclamation
The head of the Environment and Forest Goods Rating Agency (BSILHK), Ari Sudijanto, of the Ministry of Environment and Forest Development, reiterated the Indonesian government’s commitment to the restoration of Petland.
“At least for the past five years, the Indonesian Ministry of Environment and Forests has issued adjustment policies to improve soil ecology in Indonesia,” he said. And wants to engage in other climate change issues.
Sidijanto linked this damaged Petlan Reconstruction to face science with policy and practice at an international symposium organized by CIFOR-ICRAF, the National Institute of Forest Science (NIFoS) Korea and the Asia-Pacific Forest Research Institute. MOEF Campus, Bogor, Indonesia and Virtual 13 June 2022.
The symposium, supported by NIFOS, highlights the recent findings of CIFOR-ICRAF’s collaboration in Central Kalimantan and South Sumatra for food, energy and environmental protection.
“The Indonesian government is willing to help prevent global warming from rising to no more than 1.5 degrees Celsius,” said Sudijanto. Low Carbon Climate Resistance Strategy 2050 Indonesia will continue to work to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
He said the government is ready to implement strong strategies and guidelines. Net wash In the Fall sector by 2030.
Community participation is the key to successful land reclamation.
But it should be noted that efforts to rehabilitate Petland cannot be made overnight. This effort requires patience and requires the participation of all concerned with the landscape.
NIFOS President Hyun Park said: “We need to expand the scope, change the perspective and follow the landscape approach, taking into account different bodies, especially people and their livelihoods. This is an important part of Petland’s recovery process. Efforts to reclaim land in Korea have often failed; Planting a tree is easy, but the most important thing is how the tree grows and lives. By planting trees properly, we need to choose the right type of tree for that type of soil, stabilize the soil, and do our best to grow it.
Modern climate solutions
On the same occasion, Rugito Ages Suwinio, from Sriwijaya University, presented the first results of a study with CIFO-ICRAF on the swamps in South Sumatra. “Climate-modern agriculture is an integrated approach to addressing food security and climate change challenges, including agricultural land, forests and fisheries,” he said.
Added three objectives to this task: 1) increase land productivity; 2) increase the farmer’s resilience; And 3) reduce emissions.
Our research is in collaboration with CIFOR – Sustainable Community Renewal and Enterprise “The operation was carried out in the village of Perigi in the Pancalan Lampam sub-district in South Sumatra,” said NIFOS, a senior rehabilitation scientist from CIFOR-ICRAF who is supported by NIFOS and led by Himal Barral.
During the dry season, dry soils dry up and rice grows, according to locals. Sound. During the rainy season, the area is flooded and grass grows.
“We have implemented the method. Agrosilvofishri Reconstruction of Petland, ”said Sugigio. “First we will increase the percentage of rice production and introduce other crops such as vegetables and pineapple. Second, we planted many species of trees. Third, we cultivate local fish. It has been proven that we can increase rice productivity from 1.1 to 3.69 tons per hectare with our harvest method. I believe we can greatly increase rice productivity.
According to Sri Parwati Murwani Budususanti, Director of Pet Injury Control at the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Indonesia is one of the hottest countries in the world, providing not only carbon storage but also a variety of ecological services. Such as flood control and water supply and, of course, support for the livelihoods of the community through fisheries, agriculture and crop development. The problem is that Indonesia has ordinary groundwater management, to prevent pet forests from drying out and burning, as well as to lagging behind, causing massive emissions, floods and other environmental problems.
The future of deforestation is a challenge for forest fire management, which can be overcome if we can identify the right sanctions and incentives and involve smallholder farmers, agricultural enterprises, small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and investors. Short-term personal benefits have a major impact not only on local communities but also on the global climate.
Reconstruction of degraded and degraded lands with non-food crops is a solution to increase land biodiversity and support ecosystems to avoid land competition with food production.
Buddy Lexono from the Indonesian National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN) conducted a study on nyamplung.Calophyllum inophyllum), A plant species that offers many benefits and helps to solve problems on soil reclamation land.
“Nyamplung is not a native of Petland, but it is easily adapted to different types of degraded land,” he said. Studies show that this species can adapt to degraded soils in central Kalimantan, with an up to 80% chance of survival, to help reclaim soils and as a source of renewable biofuels.
“Another benefit of Nampung is that it supports a wide range of ecological products and services, such as biodiversity and habitat, carbon dioxide and water control. However, further research is needed to measure and evaluate the ecological services associated with Nimpling’s development and adoption on degraded lands to improve this model.
In addition to the above benefits, Niampling has been found to be a valuable source of wood and the flowers can attract honey bees. Farmers in Java Numpping say they earn less than expected, but selling honey is profitable.
Indonesia is committed to reclaiming 2 million hectares of land with a national contribution to the Paris Agreement on Climate Change. Once you know what can and cannot be done, how can the next challenge be extended to success?
We need to answer the question: What are the consequences if we have 2 million pills that produce honey? Rice asked. “Does this have a negative impact on the market? Or if we have a lot of fishing traps, it could be a sustainability problem. So what do we plan to do to reduce these consequences if we think we have succeeded?”
According to the Department of Natural Change at the University of Palangkara, Apentina is important to ensure that an economically sound business plan does not overwhelm the market with a single commodity. He said it is another important aspect of the society to make choices in developing various sustainable products that can generate short, medium and long term income.
“We need to provide incentives for the green economy,“We are looking for innovations that meet market demand and provide market access,” he said. This is the choke. We need to strengthen the capacity of the local people, train them to produce good new products.
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