Restoration of Peatland: Reconnecting science with policy and practice.

Part of the Agrosilvofishri Research Station. Photo courtesy of Justina Art / CIFOR

The restoration of Petland is a global goal of extinguishing fires and pursuing toxic emissions, reducing biodiversity and tackling climate change.

However, the restoration has been accompanied by economic, social and local trade, which has led to serious disagreements among stakeholders with various interests, including companies, communities and local governments.

Despite the proven success of communities, there are still challenges in accelerating Indonesia’s efforts to reclaim vast tracts of degraded land.

Soil erosion and conversion to agricultural land can cause serious environmental, social and economic damage, especially after a fire.

“Amazingly, when we look at successful Petland Rehabilitation drivers, 87% of the success is due to local community awareness and community involvement and then technology; the rest is below,” said Robert Nasi, managing director of CIFOR-ICRAF. “So community participation is important, community awareness is important, and in terms of doing so, community adoption is next.”

Indonesia’s commitment to land reclamation

Ari Sudijanto, head of the Environment and Forest Development Agency of the Ministry of Environment and Forests, reiterated the Indonesian government’s commitment to reclaim land.

“For at least five years, Indonesia’s Minister of Environment and Forests has issued adjustment policies to improve soil ecology,” he said. “In the last five years, there has been a significant reduction in groundwater levels. The ongoing post-COVID-19 rehabilitation process not only focuses on health and the economy, but also on environmental and climate change issues.

Sudijanto spoke at the International Symposium on the Reconstruction of Petsland’s Reconstructive Science of Integrated Science with Policy and Practice at the International Symposium organized by CICOF-ICRAF, the National Institute of Forestry of the Republic of Korea and the Association of Forest Forest Research Institutions of Asia Pacific. -ICRAF-MOEF Campus in Bogore, Indonesia and almost 13 June 2022.

The symposium highlighted CIFOR-ICRAF’s collaboration on food, energy and environmental protection in Central Kalimantan and South Sumatra, supported by the Korea National Forest Science Institute.

“The Indonesian government is willing to help the world withstand global warming by no more than 1.5 degrees Celsius,” said Sudijanto. “Forest and other land use [FoLU] The net carbon washer goes forward. Basis Long-term strategy for dealing with low carbon climate A.D. By 2050, Indonesia will increase its interest in greenhouse gas emissions.

A.D. He added that the government has put in place strong strategies and roadmaps to ensure a clean slate in the FOLU sector by 2030.

Community participation is the key to successful rehabilitation.

However, rehabilitation is not something that can be done overnight. It requires a lot of patience and involvement from anyone who is interested in our landscape.

President of the National Institute of Forests, Hyun Park, said it is important to broaden our horizons, change our perspective and follow the landscape, taking into account various stakeholders, especially the people and their livelihoods. These are important elements in rehabilitation. Korea has suffered many setbacks in its forest redevelopment process; Planting trees was easy but it was very important for the trees to survive. We need to plant the right trees in the right soil and for this we must first stabilize the soil and do our best to grow them.

Climate-modern solutions

Rojito Ages Suigniyo, of the University of Sri Lanka, Indonesia, presented the first results of research on CIPO-ICRAF reconstruction in the swamps in the swamps of South Sumatra.

“Climate-modernizing agriculture is an integrated approach to controlling soil rehabilitation, including crop land, forestry and fisheries, which address the challenges of food security and climate change,” he said.

He added that the purpose of this exercise is threefold: 1) increase the productivity of the land; 2) increase the resilience of farmers; And 3) reduce emissions.

“Our study was conducted in collaboration with CIFOR – CIFOR – Sustainable Community-Based Rehabilitation and Enterprise – funded by the National Forest Science Institute and CIFOR-ICRAF Senior Rehabilitation Scientist Himal Barral,” he said. “The operation took place in the village of Perigi in the Pancana Lampam district of South Sumatra.”

During the dry season, the dry land becomes very dry and the area is burned. Sound. During the rainy season, the area is often flooded with grass.

“We have implemented the Agrosilvofishri method of rehabilitating Petland,” said Sugigio. “First, we improved rice production and introduced other economic crops such as vegetables and pineapple. Second, we planted some tree species. Third, we produce some local fish. It has been proven that we can increase rice productivity from 1.1 to 3.69 tons per hectare using improved harvesting methods. I believe we can increase this rice productivity.

According to Sri Parwati Murwani Buddissanti, director of the MOEF pollution and pollution control directorate general director of the Peteland ecosystem, Indonesia has “the world’s hottest land, which not only provides carbon for climate but also a lot of ecosystems. Services such as flood control and water supply and, of course, support the livelihoods of the community through fish, agriculture and trees. Indonesia’s main problem is poor drainage or poor water management, which can lead to excessive erosion, flooding and other major problems, causing the soil to dry out and burn.

As long as there is a mix of appropriate penalties and incentives to successfully engage poor small businesses, agri businesses, small and medium enterprises and investors, the fire management will strive to achieve its fire-free future. Short-term personal benefits outweigh long-term public damage not only domestically but also internationally.

Possible solutions

The solution is to rehabilitate degraded and degraded land with non-food crops, eliminate land competition with food production, increase biodiversity and improve ecological services.

Buddy Lexono from the National Research and Innovation Agency of Indonesia (BRIN) Studies catch up (Calophyllum inophyllum), A tree species that can provide many benefits, eliminates many of the problems encountered in Petland recovery.

“Nyamplung is a non-native Petland native and is very suitable for a variety of degraded land,” he said. According to the study, the species can adapt to soils in central Kalimantan, which has shown a survival rate of up to 80%, which is used to restore the soil and serve as a renewable biofuel source.

“Other benefits of Nampling are support for a wide range of ecological products and services, such as biodiversity and habitat, carbon expansion and water conservation. More research is needed to value it.

Nyamplung is a valuable source of wood and the flowers are popular with bees. Farmers in Nipplung farming in Java say their income from almond oil is lower than expected, but selling honey is more profitable.

Upward Challenges

Indonesia is determined to restore 2 million hectares of land. After figuring out what works and what doesn’t, the next test is how to maximize success.

”[We need to answer] The question is, what are the expected results of 2 million pumps of honey? ” Robert Nasi asked. “Will this ruin the market? Or if we have too many traps, this may be a matter of sustainability. So how do we plan for the consequences of growing up thinking that we will succeed?

Afentina, a member of the Department of Climate Change at the University of Palangacaraya, said that from an economic point of view, it is important to have a good business plan so as not to flood the market with the same commodity and avoid price reductions. He said other important aspects are giving the community the opportunity to produce various sustainable products that will generate short, medium and long term income.

“We need to develop incentives for a green economy,” she said. “We need innovation to meet market demand and reach the market. That’s the bottleneck. And we have to strengthen the capacity of the local people, train them to have the right new products.”

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