You may not have heard of the mangrove forest in Indonesia, but you may have seen one. Photographs of tourists in the shade of trees, spectacular green forests, rolling hills and glittering streams have been the highlight of many Instagram posts over the past decade.
Named the “Special Region”, Yogyacarta is the heart of Java culture, which strengthens its interest in tourists.
However, the popularity of mangoes as a form of natural beauty is not coincidental, but has been the result of joint efforts by local community organizations since 2011.
This amazing forest conservation area, led by Yirugar Harsono (Ezong) and its partner, Aji Sukmono Nurjaman, is headed by the Yogyakarta Forest Management Department (KPH) as an Instagrammable destination – helping the forests and their families thrive.
A.D. Founded in 2016 and renamed Notto Wono Cooperative, the organization has established a formal partnership with KPH to manage community-based eco-tourism in the Mango forest.
Prior to the Covenant-19 epidemic, the destination was growing in popularity, with millions of visitors arriving each year.
The income of the members of the cooperative has increased to about $ 500 per person by collecting ticks in their gardens.
The state government also receives revenue under a profit-sharing agreement with cooperatives. The agreement covers about 25 percent of the country’s total revenue, with the government benefiting from $ 140,000 ($ 1.9 billion) in 2017, up from $ 160,000 ($ 2.3 billion) in 2018.
To estimate the increase in the number of millions of visitors before the outbreak, KPH and Noto Wono tried to reduce the risk of environmental damage by ensuring that tourism use is limited to 10 percent of the total forest area.
They also set up small and medium enterprises to produce value-added forest products and support tourism businesses as much as possible.
Success and recognition
Today, partnerships are seen as a model of regional integration for sustainable governance – in fact, in 2021, Chairman Noto Wono, Ezing won the National Pioneer Award for the “Environmental Pioneer” category, which recognizes the achievements of individuals and groups. Make a real contribution to the environment.
In addition to the various awards awarded since 2015, the Indonesian government recognizes a 10-year journey.
“In the past, as a conservation forest, most people around Manguna have earned income from non-timber forest products (NTFPs) around Manguna by planting pine sap, planting crops and caring for bees. Aji Sukmono has worked closely with the cooperative since its inception.
In addition to increasing the focus on ecotourism, the growth of local visitors will reduce the pressure on NTAs, but also encourage FMUs and communities to increase agro-forest, honey and eucalyptus oil production in other forest management areas.
In general, community-based ecotourism is part of a reform strategy that has previously changed the policies of the Indonesian Ministry of Environment and Forests. This policy has limited manganese as a production forest, then a conservation forest, limiting the economic opportunities and potential of the local community.
Now that the economy has opened up in partnership with Ecotorism, both the local community and the regional government are supporting this initiative.
“The transition from NTP to community-based ecotourism is a good adjustment strategy to meet the economic goals and livelihood needs of local communities,” said Anne Adwinata, a scientist at the International Forest Research Center and the World Agro-Forest Research Center. (CIFOR-ICRAF), and the Kanoppi Project Landscape Management Coordinator, which aims to increase the income of smallholder forests through better development, promotion and marketing of timber and NTPs.
In this effort, Notto Wono Cooperative clearly emphasizes that the position of local communities as a formal institution represents their interests in ecological management.
“The vision of this 300-member cooperative is to protect, conserve and develop forests for the benefit of its members and the community at large,” he said.
Under Kanopi, CIFOR worked closely with a team from the Faculty of Forestry of the Sebejak Institute, led by the University of Gadjah Mada, to develop a comprehensive, partnership-based business model that will withstand this long process, such as a successful case study model.
“They seem to have found a successful and sustainable formula,” said Meridi.
However, the cooperative was hit by changes. To address the confusion caused by the epidemic, new modification strategies need to be explored further. The new job creation law has affected the role and responsibilities of FMUs as a major partner of local cooperatives.
The Yogakarta Environment and Forest Development Agency wants to protect the forest ecosystem that is expected of people to live well and reduce poverty through basic forest management. At the end of 2021, a talk on CIFOR-ICRAF and the Seijajak Institute focused on changes in Indonesia’s forest management policies.
Building resilience in the wild as well as economic benefits will focus on the use of thematic forest strategies, for example, the initiative of the Yugarta government Jack Frane. In support of Jack Fruit production, Goodgill continues to be eaten by local locals and tourists as a traditional culinary favorite, and is now built on sustainable initiative and small enterprises, mostly at the family level. The development of these value chains provides employment opportunities for local communities.
“We have been pioneering in a series of themed forests.
“We hope that with the change in policy, the foundations built by the partners will enable regional business owners, small farmers and economies to respond to any turmoil or unforeseen circumstances,” Adwinata said.
“As long as we have a strong foundation for an inclusive and sustainable business model – regardless of national level – this effort will benefit local and regional economies,” he said.
This research project project was carried out by CIFOR And Faculty of Forest Development, Gadjah Mada University “Improving the effectiveness of leading management models in promoting sustainable forest management Yogyakarta Forest Management Division (KPH)“Under Kanoppi Proyek Project. This project is funded. Australian International Agricultural Research Center (ACIAR)And integrated by International Forest Research Center (CIFOR) and International Agro-Forest (ICRAF) Developing and promoting market-based agro-forest alternatives and integrated landscaping for smallholder forestry farmers in Indonesia.
History Development: Monica Evans and Ani Adiwinata | Editors Puli Julie Molins, Annie Adwinata, Aji Sukmono B. Nurjaman and Fatwa N. Susanti | Web Design: Gusdiyanto | Publishing Coordinator Pion Leona Liu
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